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Patent appraised by patentsbase$
GLOBAL PATENTRANK# 56.000
A brassiere includes cups formed of thin plastics material in which each cup is formed with an inner layer and an outer layer that each extend over the surface area of the cup and are joined together around at least substantially the whole periphery of the cup. An elongate strengthener extends across a lower edge of the cup, and an uplifting pad is entrapped between the inner and outer layers. The layers are joined together without stitching adjacent the periphery of the cup to hold the strengthener in position.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Referring to the drawings, the brassiere has two cups and joined by a centre stabilizer and formed by inner and outer layers and . In FIG. 1, the outer layer has been removed from the cup . The layers are made of thin sponge backed woven material and joined together with the sponge backings facing one another. The joined-together layers and extend from the cups to form at least part of each shoulder strap and each body strap of the brassiere.
There is an uplifting pad in each cup as shown clearly in FIG. . The uplifting pad has an outer surface having a convex share conforming to the convex shape of the outer layer of each of the cups and and an inner surface having a sinusoidal shape where the pad is thicker in cross section at a lower portion of the pad than at an upper portion . FIG. 3 shows the main components of each cup of the brassiere which include a relatively rigid thin strengthener that fits around a lower edge of each respective cup. The pad may be held loosely between the layers and , or pre-fixed to one layer, before the layers are brought together and joined together and around each respective periphery of a cup. This joining together not only fixes the pads in position but also serves to locate and hold the strengtheners along the lower edge of the respective cups.
It will be seen from the Figures that no stitching is used or required and that the exposed edges of the brassiere are very thin. As a result, when the brassiere is worn, in effect no significant artificial edges are created that might be otherwise visible through light-weight or thin outer garments.
The layers and are preferably provided with heat fusable sponge backings or with a covering of heat fusable glue. This enables the joining of the layers to be carried out by applying heat of the brassiere when first assembled together. Normally, the layers are pre-cut to the required shape, including the cups and the straps, but edges around the cups and sides of the straps may be trimmed by cutting if required or preferred, after a heat fusing operation.
The brassiere might be manufacture using a heat press to fix the layers together. Initially, the strengthener is formed by placing a wire into a wire channel which is sewn together. The strengtheners are then mounted to the inner layer . The edges of the layer are then sprayed with adhesive. The uplifting pads can be mounted upon the inner layer either before or after the application of adhesive.
The outer layer is then mounted over the uplifting pad and strengthener with its periphery coinciding with the periphery of the inner layer. The layers are then pressed together in a heat press to fix the adhesive around the perimeter. Excess material can then be trimmed.
The inner and outer layers can be formed of nylon spandex or cotton LYCRA® synthetic fibers or polyester LYCRA® synthetic fibers.
The foam backing can be 1 mm polyester foam or any other material displaying desirable softness characteristic. This material might be thicker or thinner depending upon application. As an example, the material might be normal foam or non-yellowing foam.
The wire in the strengthener might be metal and the wire casing might be nylon spandex. The wire casing covers the wire as the strengthener. The uplifting pad might be formed of foam, oil sack, foam cookies for example. However, other suitable compliant material may be 4 chosen. The centre stabilizer might be formed of terrycloth fabric, polyester, nylon or other suitable material.
A brassiere according to the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is an isometric partly disassembled view of the brassiere;
FIG. 2 is a cross-section taken along A—A of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of principle components of each cup of the brassiere.
1. A brassiere having cups formed of thin plastics material in which each cup is formed with an inner layer and an outer layer joined together around at least substantially the entire outer periphery of each of the cups, an elongate strengthener that extends adjacent to a lower edge of each of the cups, and an uplifting pad entrapped between the inner and outer layers, the uplifting pad has an outer surface having a convex shape conforming to the convex shape of the outer layer of each of the cups and an inner surface having a sinusoidal shape wherein the pad is thicker in cross section at a lower portion of the pad than at an upper portion, and in which the layers are joined together without stitching adjacent to the outer periphery of each of the cups without stitching to hold the strengthener in position.
2. A brassiere according to claim 1, in which the layers are heat fused together.
3. A brassiere according to claim 2, in which the inner and outer layers each extend from the cups to form at least part of lengths of fused together body and shoulder straps of the brassiere.
4. A brassiere according to claim 1, in which the padding is provided with a fusable adhesive on at least parts of its outer surfaces that are fused to the inner and/or outer after assembly of the brassiere.
5. A brassiere according to claim 1, in which each layer is formed of thin sponge-backed fabric and joined with the sponge backs joined together.
6. A brassiere according to claim 3 in which the padding is provided with a fusable adhesive on at least parts of its outer surfaces that are fused to the inner and/or outer layers after assembly of the brassiere.
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